Housing and Community Development Act of 1992

By Phineas Upham Congress began requiring Fannie Mae and Freddie Mac to use a substantial portion of their capital to “invest” in low-income home buyers I the early 90s. The Housing and Community Development Act was aimed specifically at borrowers who fell below the federal poverty line. The original legislation outlined a 30% goal for




Citation structure of an emerging research area on the verge of application

By Phineas Upham Part 3 Cluster evolution 2004–2007 A cluster string (Figures 3 and 4) is used to represent the evolution of the organic thin film transistors area [SMALL, 2006]. The string represents the complex splitting and merging pattern of cluster development from December 2004 through February 2007. Each cluster is represented by a circle




Citation structure of an emerging research area on the verge of application

Phineas Upham Part 2 The cluster can be labeled by region according to the major themes of research. The oldest paper in the cluster from 2000 at the upper left is a demonstration of an n-type, or electron conducting transistor in an organic thin film. By contrast most organic transistors are p-type or hole conducting.




Citation structure of an emerging research area on the verge of application

By Phineas Upham Part 1 A case study of an emerging research area is presented dealing with the creation of organic thin film transistors, a subtopic within the general area called “plastic electronics.” The purpose of this case study is to determine the structural properties of the citation network that may be characteristic of the




Personal Essay by Phineas Upham

By Phineas Upham The assignment to write a personal essay reminds me of keeping a journal, a project I was given three years ago. The notion in poetry of the preciousness of time has always been fascinating to me, and is captured perfectly in Andrew Marvell’s poem “To his Coy Mistress” — “world enough and




Can A Look into the Past Help Our Economic Crisis?

By Phineas Upham Why is the US experiencing an economic slowdown? It could be argued that the US apart from real estate has been experiencing a gradual slowdown since 1980. This slowdown has occurred even in the face of illusory gains in asset valuations. But this didn’t happen after the Great Depression. In 1943 the




Great Website for “Philosophers in Conversation”

By Phineas Upham In January 2012, a website was launched for “Philosophers in Conversation: Interviews from the Harvard Review of Philosophy,” a book I edited that brings together recent talks with some of the leading thinkers in contemporary philosophy. It was published in 2002. The website is a great way for readers to get to




Reflections on Undocumented Persons

By Phineas Upham I recently re-read “Undocumented Persons and the Liberal State,” by John S. W. Park, included in my book Space of Love and Garbage. John S.W. Park completed his Ph.D. in Jurisprudence and Social Policy, in the School of Law at the University of California at Berkeley. His dissertation explored justifications for immigration




Understanding Small Corporate Effect

By Phineas Upham In the paper “What Does a Small Corporate Effect Mean? A Variance Components Simulation of Corporate and Businesses Effects,” authors Thomas H. Brush and Philip Bromiley examine, reinterpret, and retest Richard Rumelt’s 1991 essay on corporate effects. In Rumelt’s essay, he suggests that the corporate effect on the change of company performance




The Shelf Life of a CEO – By Phineas Upham

By Phineas Upham In his essay “Political Dynamics and the Circulation of Power: CEO succession in U.S. Industrial Corporations,” 1960-1990, William Ocasio examines main structural elements that influence the shelf life of a CEO. He views CEO longevity through two frameworks, the institutionalization of power model and the circulation of power model. Both models have